This Climate and Disaster Risk Screening Tool provides a systematic way to undertake due diligence and flag potential risks for projects in the Agriculture sector. The tool guides the user through a simple step-by-step approach to identifying potential risks at an early stage of project design.
Building resilience to climate and geophysical hazards is a vital step in the fight against poverty. Screening for risks from these hazards improves the likelihood and longevity of a project’s success. Such screening enables project teams:
To assess whether climate and disaster risks can have an impact on agricultural projects
Local and regional climates are changing. Examples of the impact this can have on agriculture include the following:
- Increases in average temperature can affect crop yields and introduce new invasive species.
- Changes in seasonal precipitation can force shifts in planting seasons.
- Sea level rise can inundate agricultural lands.
- More frequent or severe extreme weather events, such as floods, droughts, and heat waves, can harm agricultural and livestock systems.
- Natural hazards unrelated to climate, including earthquakes, tsunamis, and landslides, can also be of concern. This tool screens for risk from both climate hazards and these geophysical hazards.
To assess how these risks could affect development
The impacts of climate and natural disasters complicate the development challenge. Many of the world’s poorest may have to face additional hurdles, due to climate variability, such as reduced crop yields, increased malnutrition, or increased food insecurity.
Extreme weather events can also disrupt farmers’ access to markets, preventing them from obtaining inputs and selling outputs, and impeding agriculture-driven rural development.
To assess how the development context could modulate risks
In addition, the development context can influence the level of impacts caused by climate-related and other natural disasters. Social, political, and economic factors-such as access to off-farm income or loans-are important to consider in evaluating the relationship between development plans and risks.
To design climate- and disaster-resilient projects
Impacts from climate change and disasters can undermine the benefits of development. Addressing these risks during project design can therefore help protect project investments. For example:
- Training and education activities can incorporate best practices on managing climate variability and change.
- Resilient crop strains, such as those tolerant of drought or floods, can be developed and disseminated.
- Engineers can design hard infrastructure, such as hydraulic systems for irrigation, storage facilities, or rural transport, to accommodate more frequent or severe extreme weather events.
- Access to microfinance programs can make it easier for smallholder farmers to plant climate-resilient crop varieties.
Screening, Monitoring & Evaluation
|Scope / Extension|
Sub-national, Project, & Local/Community level
|Spatial / Geographical Coverage Location|
Climate screening help desk
|Facilitated Learning Avalable|
|Case Studies / Manuals|
Tools for initial risk screening The list of project-level tools below covers an illustrative subset of existing screening tools, intended for early-stage identification of climate risks. These tools meet some, but not all, of the features of the World Bank Climate and Disaster Risk Screening Tools: simple and streamlined; publicly available; low data requirements; globally applicable with a focus on developing countries; and sector-specific. World Bank Tools •The World Bank Urban Risk Assessment is a flexible approach that project and city managers can use to identify feasible measures to assess a city’s risk. The primary level of the assessment helps cities identify hazard-prone areas and capacity for disaster preparedness and response. •The World Bank Rapid Assessment Tool for Energy and Climate Adaptation (ATECA) Quick View is designed to screen a country’s renewable energy sector for climate vulnerability. It may be completed in under two hours. Please contact the World Bank for additional information. •The Energy Sector Management Assistance Program (ESMAP) Hands-on Energy Adaptation Toolkit is a stakeholder-based, semi-quantitative risk-assessment approach to prioritize hazards and risks to a country’s energy sector. The tool also helps identify adaptation options. Other Tools These tools could be used to cross-check or complement the analyses using the World Bank tools. •The Climate Finance Impact Tool, made by Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA), is designed to screen for risks in the early stages of project development. It is designed for offline use in under two hours. •The Caribbean Climate Online Risk and Adaptation Tool (CCORAL) guides users to identify whether an activity is likely to be influenced by climate change. The tool is focused on the Caribbean region. It may be completed in under two hours. •CRiSTAL (Community-based Risk Screening Tool – Adaptation and Livelihoods) is based on a participatory, local-scale approach to prioritize climate risks. Tool versions are available for Food Security and Forests. •The UK Climate Impacts Programme Business Areas Climate Assessment Tool (BACLIAT) is a workshop-based process designed to help users consider the potential impacts of future climate change on business areas. •The U.S. Department of Agriculture’s Forest Service Climate Project Screening Tool is a process-oriented tool designed to help land managers integrate climate change considerations into project planning. The tool may be completed in under two hours. •The National Wildlife Federation’s Scanning the Conservation Horizon: A Guide to Climate Change Vulnerability Assessment is a guide for natural resource managers for assessing key components of vulnerability, focusing on species, habitats, or ecosystems. •Development of risk screening tools by the Asian Development Bank (ADB), African Development Bank (AfDB), and Inter-American Development Bank Group (IDB) are currently underway. Please contact the respective institutions for additional information. National-level Several guidance frameworks for assessing climate impacts, vulnerability, and readiness at a national level are available, but interactive tools were not identified. One example is USAID’s “development-first” approach, Climate-Resilient Development – A Framework for Understanding and Addressing Climate Change, which includes a five-step process for assessing and addressing climate-related development challenges. Another type of framework is the World Resources Institute’s National Adaptive Capacity Framework, which describes a set of institutional functions that are necessary for adaptation.